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Domestic violence is associated with adult childhood asthma prevalence in India
Authors: Subramanian, S.V., L.K. Ackerson, M.A. Subramanyam, R.J. Wright
Source: International Journal of Epidemiology, Jun2007, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p569-569, 1p
Topic(s): Asthma
Domestic violence
Country: Asia
Published: JUN 2007
Abstract: Background Little is known on the influence of stressful psychosocial circumstances in predicting asthma. We examine the link between asthma prevalence and domestic violence (DV) in a nationally representative sample of adults and children in India. Methods Analyses were based on the 1998â??99 cross-sectional nationally representative Indian National Family Health Survey administered in 92â??486 households. Individual-level prevalence of asthma was the primary outcome for this study. Exposure to DV was based on womens self-report of DV. Results In adjusted models, women who experienced DV either recently or in the past were at greater risk of being asthmatic [odds ratio (OR) range 1.26â??1.37], compared with those who did not report any abuse. In households where women reported to have experienced DV, asthma risk was higher for all individuals in those households (OR range 1.15â??1.19). The association between household DV and individual risk for asthma was also observed in gender-stratified analysis, and also in age-stratified analysis, with strong association observed in age groups of under-five, 5â??14, 15â??24 and 25â??44 years. Conclusions We find a consistent association between being exposed to, and having experienced, DV and asthma prevalence. Stress-induced mechanisms, partially captured through violence and social circumstances, may be a critical explanatory link in furthering our understanding of the social disparities in asthma. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]