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Factors affecting current khat chewing among male adults 15–59?years in Ethiopia, 2016: a multi-level analysis from Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey
Authors: Temesgen Yihunie Akalu, Adhanom Gebreegziabher Baraki, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Ayenew Molla Lakew, and Kedir Abdela Gonete
Source: BMC Psychiatry, 20(21); DOI: 10.1186/s12888-020-2434-7
Topic(s): Adult health
Alcohol consumption
Men's health
Tobacco use
Country: Africa
Published: JAN 2020
Abstract: Background Regular khat chewing causes gingivitis, tooth loss, gastric disorders, cardiac complications, male impotence, sleeplessness, and several mental health problems. Based on the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) 2016, 12% of women and 27% of men have reported having ever chewed khat. Even though khat addiction is a major public health problem, studies that consider both individual level and community level factors are limited. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors affecting current khat chewing among male adults in Ethiopia. Methods Data from EDHS, a community-based cross-sectional study conducted from January 18, 2016, to June 27, 2016, was used. A multistage stratified cluster sampling technique was used to select participants. Both descriptive and analytical statistics were done. Bi-variable and multivariable multilevel logistic regression analyses were performed to determine factors affecting current khat chewing. Adjusted Odds ratio (AOR) with 95% Confidence Interval (CI) for variables with P-value