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Determinants of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Indian adults: Findings from the National Family Health Survey-4
Authors: Manu Raj Mathur, Deepti Nagrath, Jyotsna Malhotra, and Vijay Kumar Mishra
Source: Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 45(1): 60-65; DOI: 10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_201_19
Topic(s): Adult health
Country: Asia
Published: JAN 2020
Abstract: Background: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are associated with obesity, and various other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The aim of the study was to study the patterns of consumption of SSBs and association of SSB consumption with various socioeconomic factors and fried food consumption. Methodology: We used data of the 4th round of National Family Health Survey. We used multiple logistic regression to estimate the extent of the relationship between consumption of aerated drinks and various predictors. Furthermore, generalized structural equation modeling (GSEM) was used to derive a path diagram that showed a significant linkage between aerated drinks and observed variables. Results: Our study showed a clear association between consumption of aerated drinks with socioeconomic variables age, sex, marital status, and wealth index. The consumption of aerated drinks was also significantly associated with watching television and eating fried foods. Conclusion: Aerated drinks are a popular source of added sugar in the Indian diet. Limiting such factors can prove to be beneficial in reducing their consumption and further help in reducing the burden of NCDs. Keywords: Aerated drinks, GSEM, India, National Family Health Survey-4, sugar-sweetened beverages