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Unmet/met Need for Contraception and Self-Reported Abortion in Ghana
Authors: Joshua Amo-Adjei, and Eugene K M Darteh
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, 13: 118-124; DOI: 10.1016/j.srhc.2017.02.002
Topic(s): Abortion
Family planning
Unmet need
Country: Africa
Published: OCT 2017
Abstract: Background: Unmet need for contraception in several sub-Saharan African countries, including Ghana, remains high, with implications for unintended pregnancies and unsafe abortion, associated maternal morbidity and mortality. In this paper, we analysed for any associations between unmet/met need for contraception and the prevalence of abortion. Methods: The paper utilizes the 2014 Ghana Demographic Health Survey dataset. Applying descriptive statistics initially, and later, a binary logistic regression, we estimate two different models, taking into account, unmet/met need for contraception (Model 1) and a multivariable one comprising socioeconomic, spatial, cultural and demographic behaviour variables (Model 2) to test the associations between unmet/met need for contraception in Ghana. Results: One-fourth (25%) of sampled women in 2014 had ever had an abortion. The bivariate results showed that women who reported "no unmet" considerably tended to report abortion more than the reference category - not married and no sex in the last 30days. The elevated odds among respondents who indicated "no unmet need" persisted even after controlling for all the relevant confounders. Relatedly, unlike women with an unmet need for spacing, women who desired to limit childbearing had a slightly higher tendency to report an abortion. Conclusion: The linkage between unmet need for contraception appears more complex, particularly when the connections are explored post-abortion. Thus, while an abortion episode is most likely due to unintended pregnancy, contraception may still not be used, after an abortion, probably because of failure, side effects or simply, a dislike for any method. Keywords: Abortion; Contraception; Ghana; Prevalence; Unmet/met need.