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Factors Associated with Mortality from Lung Cancer in India
Authors: Manas Pratim Roy
Source: Current Problems in Cancer, Published online; DOI: 10.1016/j.currproblcancer.2019.100512
Topic(s): Adult mortality
Tobacco use
Country: Asia
Published: NOV 2019
Abstract: Objective: Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world. There is scarcity of research papers at national level on its sociodemographic dimensions. The present paper aims to correlate death from lung cancer with certain demographic factors. Methods: Retrieved data from National Family Health Survey 4, Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2: India 2016-2017 and India: Health of the Nation's States were analyzed, as state and/or Union Territories unit of analysis. Spearman correlation coefficient and multivariate linear regression were used for finding out association with smoking, smokeless tobacco, alcohol consumption, second hand smoking, per capita income and use of clean fuel. Results: Except Kerala, most of the states with higher death rate were confined to north India. Smoking (r = 0.575, P= 0.001), SHS at home and work (r = 0.476, P= 0.008 and r = 0.374, P= 0.042, respectively) were significantly related to deaths from ca lung. On regression, clean fuel was found significantly associated with ca lung mortality. Conclusion: There is need to put emphasis on tobacco cessation and primary prevention of smoking. Keywords: India; Lung cancer; Mortality rate; Smoking; Tobacco.