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Epidemiologic Correlates of Willingness to Be Tested for HIV and Prior Testing Among Married Men in India
Authors: Aritra Das, Giridhara R Babu, Puspen Ghosh, Tanmay Mahapatra, Roberta Malmgren, and Roger Detels
Source: International Journal of STD & AIDS, 24(12): 957-68; DOI: 10.1177/0956462413488568
Topic(s): HIV testing
Men's health
Country: Asia
Published: DEC 2013
Abstract: There has been limited research in India on determinants of seeking HIV testing by Indian married couples. We analyzed data obtained from husbands of married couples participating in the National Family Health Survey 2005-06. Socio-demographic and behavioural predictors for willingness to be tested and self-reported prior testing were explored, using multivariate logistic regression. Factor scores were used to summarize knowledge variables related to HIV prevention and places of testing. Sixty-nine percent of the husbands were willing to be tested as part of National Family Health Survey 2005-06, and 7% reported some form of prior testing. Our results indicate that knowledge about HIV testing in hospitals and other health/welfare centres, knowledge about transmission of HIV, poor education, religion, economic status, occupation, early sexual debut, and use of contraceptives other than barrier methods were significant predictors for reported willingness to be tested. Knowledge about routes of transmission of HIV, younger age, educational level, religion other than Hindu or Muslim, economic status, occupation, history of blood transfusion, and condom use were significant correlates of previously being tested. Strategies to improve knowledge about HIV testing sites and HIV prevention may encourage married men to be tested and reduce the spread of infection from them to their wives. Keywords: AIDS; HIV; HIV testing; India; National Family Health Survey-3; married men; screening.