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Statistical Analysis on Correlates of HIV Testing Outcomes Based on Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) 2011 Data
Authors: Desalegn Dargasso Danna, Abebe Sorsa Badacho, and Ayele Taye
Source: Science Journal of Public Health, 6(5): 120-126; DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20180605.11
Topic(s): HIV testing
Country: Africa
Published: OCT 2018
Abstract: Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) is the key entry point to prevention, care, and treatment and support services. The study aimed at describing the impacts of some pre-test counseling session factors on the status of HIV/AIDS. The data were taken from Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS 2011) conducted in 2011. For modeling purpose logistic regression was used and data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.00. Among 12,986 individuals encompassed in the study, 6,297 (48.5%) were male. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS infection among Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT ) individuals was estimated to be 1.8% and varied by demographic, socio-economic and risk behavior characteristics of individuals. Determinant factors driving the prevalence of HIV among populations and wide variations in HIV prevalence exist across regions; highest in Gambela (7.5%) and Addis Ababa (4.5%). Sex, age at first sex, region, wealth index, educational level attained and occupation status were significant determinants of HIV testing. The odds of being HIV infected for female individual was about 36.9% (95% C.I. 1.043-1.796). The value of the odds for age at first sex indicates that the odds of age at first sex being HIV infected for aged greater than or equal to 35 years have had 32.7% more than those in the age group less than or equal to 18 years and the odds of HIV infected for an individual in the age category 19-34 were 83.1% less than an individual in the age group = years (OR = 0.831, C.I. = .534-1.294). Individuals found in Gambella region were 4.5 times HIV positive than Tigray region individuals (OR = 4.460, P = 0.000, C.I. = 2.457-8.098). Clients whose wealth index is middle were about 4.041 times more likely HIV infected than poor clients (OR = 4.041, P = 0.000, C.I. = 2.556-6.389). Urban individuals are nearly 3.5 times likely HIV positive than rural individuals (OR = 3.514, P = 0.000). High risk behaviour and low socio-economic position are found to be significantly related with HIV infection in Ethiopia. Keywords HIV Testing, Outcomes, VCT Services, Logistic Regression