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National and rural-urban prevalence and determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding in India
Authors: Praween Senanayake, Elizabeth O’Connor, and Felix Akpojene Ogbo
Source: BMC Public Health, 19(Article number: 896); DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-7246-7
Topic(s): Breastfeeding
Country: Asia
Published: JUL 2019
Abstract: Background Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) reduces the risk of neonatal mortality. Previous studies from India have documented some factors associated with EIBF. However, those studies used data with limited sample size that potentially affect the application of the evidence. Additionally, the effectiveness of national breastfeeding programmes requires up-to-date analysis of new and robust EIBF data. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and determinants of EIBF in India and determine to what extent these factors differ by a mother’s residence in the rural or urban area. Methods This study used information from a total weighted sample of 94,401 mothers from the 2015–2016 India National Family Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate the association between the study factors and EIBF in India and rural-urban populations, after adjusting for confounders and sampling weight. Results Our analysis indicated that 41.5% (95% confidence interval (CI): 40.9–42.5, P?