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Prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among under-five children in Ethiopia: evidence from the 2016 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey
Authors: Abay Kassa Tekile, Ashenafi Abate Woya, and Garoma Wakjira Basha
Source: BMC Research Notes , 12: 391; DOI: 10.1186/s13104-019-4444-4
Topic(s): Child health
Children under five
Country: Africa
Published: JUL 2019
Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors for malnutrition among children aged 0–59 months in Ethiopia. The analyzed data were obtained from the 2016 EDHS and 9495 under-5 years’ children were considered in this analysis. The data was extracted, edited and analyzed by using SPSS Version 23.0. Both bivariate and multivariable binary logistic regression model was used to identify the determinants of children malnutrition. Results The prevalence of stunting, wasting, and underweight were 38.3%, 10.1%, and 23.3%, respectively. About 19.47% of children were both stunted and underweighted, and only 3.87% of children had all the three conditions. Among the factors that considered in this study, age of a child, residence region, mothers’ education level, mothers’ BMI, household wealth index, sex of a child, family size, water and toilet facility were significantly associated with malnutrition in Ethiopia. The authors concluded that malnutrition among under-five children was one of the public health problems in Ethiopia. Therefore, the influence of these factors should be considered to develop strategies for reducing malnutrition in Ethiopia. Keywords Under-five children Underweight Wasting Stunting Ethiopia