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Exploring the association of anthropometric indicators for under-five children in Ethiopia
Authors: Gashu Workneh Kassie, and Demeke Lakew Workie
Source: BMC Public Health, 19:764; DOI: 10.1186/s12889-019-7121-6
Topic(s): Child health
Children under five
Country: Africa
Published: JUN 2019
Abstract: Background Child undernutrition is a global health concern. Many studies have focused on the association of childhood undernutrition indicators with their predictors. A few studies have looked at relationship between the undernutrition indicators. This study aimed at investigating the possible association structures of childhood undernutrition indicators. Methods A log-linear model of cell counts of a three way table of stunting, wasting, and underweight was fitted based on the 2016 Ethiopia demographic health survey data. The variables of interest were generated based on the 2006 WHO Child Growth Standards as: stunted, wasted and underweight if z-scores of height-for-age, weight-for-height and weight-for age are below-2, respectively; otherwise not stunted, wasted and underweight. Results This study showed that 36.34, 12.09 and 24.87% were stunted, wasted and underweight out of sampled children respectively and the prevalence of total undernutrition in children was about 45.96%.The fitted log-linear model showed that underweight was associated with both stunting (P-value