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Women who have not utilized health Service for Delivery in Nigeria: who are they and where do they live?
Authors: Sulaimon T. Adedokun, and Olalekan A. Uthman
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , 19(1): 1-14; DOI: 10.1186/s12884-019-2242-6
Topic(s): Delivery care
Health care utilization
Institutional births
Maternal health
Women's health
Country: Africa
Published: MAR 2019
Abstract: Background Health facility delivery has been described as one of the major contributors to improved maternal and child health outcomes. In sub-Saharan Africa where 66% of the global maternal mortality occurred, only 56% of all births take place in health facility. This study examined the individual and contextual predictors of non-use of health service for delivery in Nigeria where less than 40% births occur in health facility. Methods Data from 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) involving 20,192 women who had delivery within 5?years of the survey were used in the study. Multilevel multivariable logistics regression models which had the structure of non-use of health service for delivery defined at individual, community and state levels were applied in the analysis. Spatial analysis was also used to capture the locations where the phenomenon is prevalent in the country. Results About 62% of the women did not utilize health service during delivery. More than three-quarter of those with no education and 92% of those who did not attend antenatal clinic during pregnancy never utilized health service for delivery. The odds of non-use of health service during delivery increased for women who had no education, from poor households, aged 25–34?years, unmarried, never attended antenatal clinic, experienced difficulty getting to health facility and lived in the most socioeconomically disadvantaged communities and states. Conclusions This study has demonstrated that non-utilization of health service for delivery is influenced by individual, community and state level factors, with substantial proportions of women not utilizing such service residing in the northern region of Nigeria. Each level should be adequately considered in the design of the appropriate interventions.