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Unmet need for Family Planning and Unintended Fertility in Odisha, India
Authors: Ranjana Kar
Source: Demography India, Special Issue(2017): 77-89
Topic(s): Family planning
Reproductive health
Unintended pregnancy
Unmet need
Country: Asia
Published: APR 2017
Abstract: The poor reproductive health in women population is the outcome of prevailing unintended fertility due to lack of family planning practices at the time of need. The present study aims to assess unmet need and unintended fertility in Odisha, India. Odisha has moderate fertility but very high infant, child and maternal mortality in India which is still higher among tribal population. The paper examines the regional variation along with the background characteristics of women in the population. It uses data from the National Family Survey-1 to 4. Multinomial logistic regression (m-log) models and GIS have been used to analyze the data. The study reveals that the programme should look into the unmet need of women who are young, lower parity, illiterate, non-working, lower standard of living and poor inter-spouse communication about family planning in order to address the unmet need for family planning, maternal and child health among the tribal population.