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Intimate Partner Violence in Relation to Husband Characteristics and Women Empowerment: Evidence from Nepal
Authors: Sujan Gautam, and Hyoung-Sun Jeong
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(5): 709; DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16050709
Topic(s): Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
Women’s empowerment
Country: Asia
Published: FEB 2019
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to assess the magnitude of intimate partner violence (IPV) and associated factors among women in Nepal. The secondary data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) 2016 was used. This study was confined to the respondents selected for the domestic violence module. The association between experience of IPV ‘ever’ and ‘in the past year’ with selected factors were examined by using Chi-square test, followed by multivariate logistic regression. Complex sample analysis procedure was adopted to adjust for multi-stage sampling design, cluster weight, and sample weight. The result revealed that 26.3% of ever-married women experienced any form of IPV at some point in their lives, while only 13.7% has experienced any form of IPV in the past year. The factors associated with both ‘lifetime’ and ‘past year’ experience of IPV includes women witnessing parental violence during their childhood, the husband being drunk frequently, women being afraid of their husband most of the times, and women whose husbands shows marital control behavior. Women’s experiencing IPV was associated more with husband related factors than with women’s empowerment indicators. Reducing IPV requires a commitment to changing the norms that promote the husband’s behavior of controlling his wives and beating her. View Full-Text Keywords: intimate partner violence; marital control behavior; wife beating; husband characteristics; women empowerment; Nepal; NDHS 2016