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Exploring the multidimensional nature of anthropometric indicators for under-five children in India
Authors: Ashish Kumar Gupta, and Kakoli Borkotoky
Source: Indian Journal of Public Health, 60(1):68-72; DOI 10.4103/0019-557X.177319
Topic(s): Child health
Children under five
Country: Asia
Published: FEB 2016
Abstract: This study examined the multidimensional nature of the association of stunting, wasting, and underweight for children below 5 years of age in India using data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-3 (2005-2006). Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) was applied to examine the association of the indicators. Additionally, log-linear model was used to find out the model of best fit to examine the nutritional status of children. It was found that underweight is associated with both stunting and wasting, whereas there was no consistent pattern of association between stunting and wasting. The results also confirmed that children suffered from multiple anthropometric failures. The results showed that height-for-age, weight-for-height, and weight-for-age taken together give the model of best fit for analysis of nutritional status. The study concluded that the three indicators of nutritional status should be considered simultaneously to determine the percentage of undernourished children.