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Housing type and risk of malaria among under-five children in Nigeria: evidence from the malaria indicator survey
Authors: Oyewale M. Morakinyo, Folusho M. Balogun, and Adeniyi F. Fagbamigbe
Source: Malaria Journal, 17:311; DOI: 10.1186/s12936-018-2463-6
Topic(s): Child health
Children under five
Country: Africa
Published: AUG 2018
Abstract: Background Malaria remains one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality among under-five (U5) children in Nigeria. Though different environmental factors have been assessed to influence the distribution and transmission of malaria vectors, there is a dearth of information on how housing type may influence malaria transmission among U5 children in Nigeria. This study assessed the relationship between housing type and malaria prevalence among U5s in Nigeria. Methods A cross-sectional analysis of the nationally representative 2015 Nigeria malaria indicator survey data was done. A representative sample of 8148 households in 329 clusters was selected for the survey. Children aged 6–59 months in the selected households were tested for anaemia and malaria using the rapid diagnostic test (RDT) and the microscopy. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson Chi square (?2) and logistic regression models at 5% level of significance. Results The odds of malaria infection was significantly higher among older children aged 24–59 months (aOR?=?4.8, CI 2.13–10.99, p?