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Dimensions of antenatal care service and the alacrity of mothers towards institutional delivery in South and South East Asia
Authors: Priyanka Dixit, Junaid Khan, Laxmi Kant Dwivedi, and Amrita Gupta
Source: PLOS ONE , 12(7):e0181793. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181793
Topic(s): Antenatal care
Delivery care
Health care utilization
Institutional births
Maternal health
Country: Asia
  Multiple Asian Countries
Published: JUL 2017
Abstract: Background A number of studies have assessed the effectiveness of antenatal care (ANC) on uptake of institutional delivery care. However, none address the issue of association between the different components of ANC i.e. ANC component which is independent of health care delivery systems (timing and number of ANC visits), ANC components which depends on health care delivery systems (specific ANC procedures that women receive) with institutional delivery. Methods Data for the study has been taken from the DHS conducted in the six selected South and South-East Asian countries during 1998–2013. The two dimensions of ANC are the key predictors. The outcome variable is a binary variable, where zero '0' denotes a home delivery and one '1' denotes an institutional delivery. In addition to probit estimation biprobit estimation method has been used to correct for the possible endogeneity. Findings Analysis suggests that both the factors show a positive effect on institutional delivery but the level of associations are different. Probit estimation for each country suggests that the association is higher for the factor- which depends on health care delivery systems than the other factor. After correction of endogeneity through biprobit estimation we get the true associations for both the dimensions and it confirms that the ANC components which depends on health care delivery systems is more associated with the utilization of institutional delivery than the other factor. Conclusions The content of care may fulfill the women’s need and expectations while visiting for ANC care. The study suggests that the quality of antenatal care must be improved which depends on health care delivery systems to motivates the women to utilize the institutional delivery.