|Risk factors of neonatal mortality and
child mortality in Bangladesh|
||M Maniruzzaman, Harman S Suri, Nishith Kumar, Menhazul Abedin, Jahanur Rahman, Ayman El-Baz, Makrand Bhoot, Jagjit S Teji, and Jasjit S Suri
||Journal of Global Health, 8(1): 010417; DOI: 10.7189/jogh.08.010421
Child and neonatal mortality is a serious problem in Bangladesh. The main objective of this study was to determine the most significant socio-economic factors (covariates) between the years 2011 and 2014 that influences on neonatal and child mortality and to further suggest the plausible policy proposals.
We modeled the neonatal and child mortality as categorical dependent variable (alive vs death of the child) while 16 covariates are used as independent variables using ?2 statistic and multiple logistic regression (MLR) based on maximum likelihood estimate.
Using the MLR, for neonatal mortality, diarrhea showed the highest positive coefficient (ß?=?1.130; P?0.010) leading to most significant covariate for both 2011 and 2014. The corresponding odds ratios were: 0.323 for both the years. The second most significant covariate in 2011 was birth order between 2-6 years (ß?=?0.744; P?0.001), while father’s education was negative correlation (ß?=?-0.910; P?0.050). In general, 10 covariates in 2011 and 5 covariates in 2014 were significant, so there was an improvement in socio-economic conditions for neonatal mortality. For child mortality, birth order between 2-6 years and 7 and above years showed the highest positive coefficients (ß?=?1.042; P?0.010) and (ß?=?1.285; P?0.050) for 2011. The corresponding odds ratios were: 2.835 and 3.614, respectively. Father's education showed the highest coefficient (ß?=?0.770; P?0.050) indicating the significant covariate for 2014 and the corresponding odds ratio was 2.160. In general, 6 covariates in 2011 and 4 covariates in 2014 were also significant, so there was also an improvement in socio-economic conditions for child mortality. This study allows policy makers to make appropriate decisions to reduce neonatal and child mortality in Bangladesh.
In 2014, mother’s age and father’s education were also still significant covariates for child mortality. This study allows policy makers to make appropriate decisions to reduce neonatal and child mortality in Bangladesh.