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The Intersection of Gender, Caste and Class Inequalities in Child Nutrition in Rural India
Authors: Simantini Mukhopadhyay
Source: Asian Population Studies, 11(1): 17-31; DOI:
Topic(s): Child health
Country: Asia
Published: JAN 2015
Abstract: Abstract While studies have investigated inequalities in child nutrition along single axes of social power such as, gender, caste and class, there has not been any study that has examined the intersection of the different axes in determining nutritional outcomes of children. This paper examines the intersection of gender, class and caste in determining children's nutritional outcomes for rural north, rural south and rural India as a whole. The paper investigates the intersectionality of the three axes in rural India and focuses on regional differences. The results show that children with particular disadvantageous group affiliations often find significant compensatory benefits from other beneficial identities. Class inequality dominates caste inequality and caste inequality dominates gender inequality in rural North India for all levels of stunting. In contrast, caste inequality dominates class inequality which in turn dominates gender inequality for severe stunting in rural South India. KEYWORDS: child nutrition, gender, caste, class, intersectionality, inequality