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Associations of women's position in the household and food insecurity with family planning use in Nepal
Authors: Nadia Diamond-Smith, Anita Raj, Ndola Prata, and Sheri D Weiser
Source: PLOS ONE , 12(4):e0176127 DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0176127
Topic(s): Family planning
Food insecurity
Reproductive health
Women's status
Country: Asia
Published: APR 2017
Abstract: Women in Nepal have low status, especially younger women in co-resident households. Nepal also faces high levels of household food insecurity and malnutrition, and stagnation in uptake of modern family planning methods.This study aims to understand if household structure and food insecurity interact to influence family planning use in Nepal.Using data on married, non-pregnant women aged 15-49 with at least one child from the Nepal 2011 Demographic and Health Survey (N = 7,460), we explore the relationship between women's position in the household, food insecurity as a moderator, and family planning use, using multi-variable logistic regressions. We adjust for household and individual factors, including other status-related variables.In adjusted models, living in a food insecure household and co-residing with in-laws either with no other daughter-in-laws or as the eldest or youngest daughter-in-law (compared to not-co-residing with in-laws) are all associated with lower odds of family planning use. In the interaction model, younger-sisters-in-law and women co-residing with no sisters-in-law in food insecure households have the lowest odds of family planning use.This study shows that household position is associated with family planning use in Nepal, and that food insecurity modifies these associations-highlighting the importance of considering both factors in understanding reproductive health care use in Nepal. Policies and programs should focus on the multiple pathways through which food insecurity impacts women's reproductive health, including focusing on women with the lowest status in households.