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Association between high-risk fertility behaviours and the likelihood of chronic undernutrition and anaemia among married Bangladeshi women of reproductive age
Authors: Rahman M, et al.
Source: Public Health Nutrition, 20 Issue 2, p305-314
Topic(s): Anemia
Fertility
Nutrition
Women's health
Country: Asia
  Bangladesh
Published: FEB 2017
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between high-risk fertility behaviours and the likelihood of chronic undernutrition, anaemia and the coexistence of anaemia and undernutrition among women of reproductive age. DESIGN: The 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, conducted from 8 July to 27 December 2011. SETTING: Selected urban and rural areas of Bangladesh. SUBJECTS: A total of 2197 ever-married women living with at least one child younger than 5 years. Exposure was determined from maternal reports of high-risk fertility behaviours. We considered three parameters, maternal age at the time of delivery, birth order and birth interval, to define the high-risk fertility behaviours. Chronic undernutrition, anaemia and the coexistence of anaemia and undernutrition among women were the outcome variables. RESULTS: A substantial percentage of women were exposed to have a high-risk fertility pattern (41·8 %); 33·0 % were at single high-risk and 8·8 % were at multiple high-risk. After adjusting for relevant covariates, high-risk fertility behaviours were associated with increased likelihood of chronic undernutrition (adjusted relative risk; 95 % CI: 1·22; 1·03, 1·44), anaemia (1·12; 1·00, 1·25) and the coexistence of anaemia and undernutrition (1·52; 1·17, 1·98). Furthermore, multiple high-risk fertility behaviours appeared to have more profound consequences on the outcome measured. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal high-risk fertility behaviours are shockingly frequent practices among women in Bangladesh. High-risk fertility behaviours are important predictors of the increased likelihood of women's chronic undernutrition, anaemia and the coexistence of anaemia and undernutrition.
Web: https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/417774E2F700939353CE5489ED0A23B7/S136898001600224Xa.pdf/association_between_highrisk_fertility_behaviours_and_the_likelihood_of_