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Domestic and Marital Violence Among Three Ethnic Groups in Nigeria
Authors: Collins Nwabunike, and Eric Y. Tenkorang
Source: Journal of Interpersonal Violence , 32(18): 2751-2776; DOI:
Topic(s): Domestic violence
Gender-based violence (GBV)
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
Country: Africa
Published: SEP 2017
Abstract: There is evidence that between half and two thirds of Nigerian women have experienced domestic violence, and that this is higher in some ethnic groups than others. Yet, studies that examine the ethnic dimensions of domestic and marital violence are conspicuously missing in the literature. We fill this void using data from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Results indicate significant ethnic differences with Igbo women more likely to have experienced sexual and emotional violence compared with Yoruba women. Hausa women were however significantly less likely to experience physical and sexual violence but not emotional violence, compared with Yoruba women. Women with domineering husbands were significantly more likely to experience physical, sexual, and emotional violence. Similarly, those who thought wife-beating was justified were more likely to experience all three types of violence. The independent effects of ethnicity on domestic violence suggests that specific interventions may be needed for women belonging to different ethnic groups if the problem of domestic violence is to be dealt with effectively in Nigeria. Keywords Nigeria, women, domestic and marital violence, culture, ethnicity