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Correlates of intimate partner violence against women during a time of rapid social transition in Rwanda: analysis of the 2005 and 2010 demographic and health surveys
Authors: Dana R. Thomson, Assiatou B. Bah, Wilson G. Rubanzana, and Leon Mutesa
Source: BMC Women's Health, 15:96; DOI: 10.1186/s12905-015-0257-3
Topic(s): Domestic violence
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
Country: Africa
Published: OCT 2015
Abstract: Background In Rwanda, women who self-reported in household surveys ever experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) increased from 34 % in 2005 to 56 % in 2010. This coincided with a new constitution and majority-female elected parliament in 2003, and 2008 legislation protecting against gender-based violence. The increase in self-reported IPV may reflect improved social power for women, and/or disruptions to traditional gender roles that increased actual IPV. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of IPV in 4338 couples interviewed in the 2005 and 2010 Rwanda Demographic and Health Surveys (RDHSs). Factors associated with physical or sexual IPV in the last 12 months were modeled using manual backward stepwise logistic regression. Analyses were conducted in Stata v13 adjusting for complex survey design. Results Risk factors for IPV in 2005 (p?