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National health insurance subscription and maternal healthcare utilisation across mothers’ wealth status in Ghana
Authors: Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Raymond Elikplim Kofinti, and Francis Appiah
Source: Health Economics Review , 7(1):16. doi: 10.1186/s13561-017-0152-8.
Topic(s): Health care utilization
Maternal health
Wealth Index
Country: Africa
Published: APR 2017
Abstract: Introduction This study is against the backdrop that despite the forty-nine percent decline in Maternal Mortality Rate in Ghana, the situation still remains high averaging 319 per 100,000 live births between 2011 and 2015. Objective To examine the relationship between National Health Insurance and maternal healthcare utilisation across three main wealth quintiles (Poor, Middle and Rich). Methods The study employed data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Both descriptive analysis and binary logistic regression were conducted. Results Descriptively, rich women had high antenatal attendance and health facility deliveries represented by 96.5% and 95.6% respectively. However, the binary logistic regression results revealed that poor women owning NHIS are 7% (CI?=?1.76–2.87) more likely to make at least four antenatal care visits compared to women in the middle wealth quintile (5%, CI?=?2.12–4.76) and rich women (2%, CI?=?1.14–4.14). Similarly, poor women who owned the NHIS are 14% (CI?=?1.42–2.13) likely to deliver in health facility than women in the middle and rich wealth quintile. Conclusion The study has vindicated the claim that NHIS Scheme is pro-poor in Ghana. The Ministry of Health should target women in the rural area to be enrolled on the NHIS to improve maternal healthcare utilisation since poverty is principally a rural phenomenon in Ghana. Keywords Antenatal care, Maternal healthcare utilisation, Wealth status, Women, Health insurance