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Utilisation of skilled birth attendants over time in Nigeria and Malawi
Authors: Kilian N. Atuoye, Jonathan A. Amoyaw, Vincent Z. Kuuire, Joseph Kangmennaang, Sheila A. Boamah, Siera Vercillo, Roger Antabe, Meghan McMorris, and Isaac Luginaah
Source: Global Public Health, 12(6):728-743. doi: 10.1080/17441692.2017.1315441.
Topic(s): Delivery care
Maternal health
Country: Africa
Published: JUN 2017
Abstract: Despite recent modest progress in reducing maternal and infant mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria and Malawi were still in the top 20 countries with highest rates of mortalities globally in 2015. Utilisation of professional services at delivery - one of the indictors of MDG 5 - has been suggested to reduce maternal mortality by 50%. Yet, contextual, socio-cultural and economic factors have served as barriers to uptake of such critical service. In this paper, we examined the impact of residential wealth index on utilisation of Skilled Birth Attendant in Nigeria (2003, 2008 and 2013), and Malawi (2000, 2004 and 2010) using Demographic and Health Survey data sets. The findings from multivariate logistic regressions show that women in Nigeria were 23% less likely to utilise skilled delivery services in 2013 compared to 2003. In Malawi, women were 75% more likely to utilise skilled delivery services in 2010 than in 2000. Residential wealth index was a significant predictor of utilisation of skilled delivery services over time in both Nigeria and Malawi. These findings illuminate progress made - based on which we make recommendations for achievement of SDG-3: ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages in Nigeria and Malawi, and similar context. KEYWORDS: MDG 5; Maternal health; Sub-Saharan Africa; skill birth attendants; sustainable development goals