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Child Schooling in Ethiopia: The Role of Maternal Autonomy
Authors: Gebremedhin, Tesfaye Alemayehu, and Mohanty, Itismita
Source: PLOS ONE , 11(12): e0167639; doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167639
Topic(s): Education
Women's autonomy
Country: Africa
Published: DEC 2016
Abstract: This paper examines the effects of maternal autonomy on child schooling outcomes in Ethiopia using a nationally representative Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey for 2011. The empirical strategy uses a Hurdle Negative Binomial Regression model to estimate years of schooling. An ordered probit model is also estimated to examine age grade distortion using a trichotomous dependent variable that captures three states of child schooling. The large sample size and the range of questions available in this dataset allow us to explore the influence of individual and household level social, economic and cultural factors on child schooling. The analysis finds statistically significant effects of maternal autonomy variables on child schooling in Ethiopia. The roles of maternal autonomy and other household-level factors on child schooling are important issues in Ethiopia, where health and education outcomes are poor for large segments of the population.