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Access to sanitation and violence against women: evidence from Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data in Kenya
Authors: Winter, Samantha C.; and Barchi, Francis
Source: International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 26(3):291-305. doi: 10.1080/09603123.2015.1111309
Topic(s): Gender-based violence (GBV)
Country: Africa
Published: JUN 2016
Abstract: Violence against women (VAW) is a serious public health and human rights concern. Literature suggests sanitation conditions in developing countries may be potential neighborhood-level risk factors contributing to VAW, and that this association may be more important in highly socially disorganized neighborhoods. This study analyzed 2008 Kenya Demographic Health Survey's data and found women who primarily practice open defecation (OD), particularly in disorganized communities, had higher odds of experiencing recent non-partner violence. This study provides quantitative evidence of an association between sanitation and VAW that is attracting increasing attention in media and scholarly literature throughout Kenya and other developing countries.