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Housing materials as predictors of under-five mortality in Nigeria: evidence from 2013 demographic and health survey
Authors: Adebowale, Stephen Ayo; Morakinyo, Oyewale Mayowa; Ana, and Godson Rowland
Source: BMC Pediatrics, 17: 1-13; doi: 10.1186/s12887-016-0742-3
Topic(s): Childhood mortality
Children under five
Household solid fuel use
Water supply
Country: Africa
Published: JAN 2017
Abstract: Background: Nigeria is among countries with high Under-Five Mortality (U5M) rates worldwide. Both maternal and childhood factors have been linked to U5M in the country. However, despite the growing global recognition of the association between housing and quality of life, the role of housing materials as predictors of U5M remain largely unexplored in Nigeria. This study, therefore, investigated the relationship between housing materials and U5M in Nigeria.Methods: The study utilised the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data. A representative sample of 40,680 households was selected for the survey. The sample included 18,516 women of reproductive age who had given birth in the past 5 years prior the survey; with attention on the survival status of the index child (the most recent delivery). Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, Cox-proportional hazard and Brass 2-parameter models (a?=?0.05).Results: The hazard ratio of U5M was 1.46 (C.I?=?1.02-1.47, p?