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Childhood mortality spatial distribution in Ethiopia
Authors: Dawit G. Ayele,
Source: Journal of Applied Statistics, 43(15): 2813-2828; DOI: 10.1080/02664763.2016.1144727
Topic(s): Childhood mortality
Spatial analysis
Country: Africa
Published: FEB 2016
Abstract: The risk of a child dying before completing five years of age is highest in Sub-Saharan African countries. But Child mortality rates have shown substantial decline in Ethiopia. For this study, the 2000, 2005 and 2011 Ethiopian Demographic Survey (EDHS) was used. Generalized linear mixed model with spatial covariance structure was adapted. The model allowed for spatial correlation, and leads to the more realistic estimate for under-five mortality risk factors. The analysis showed that the risk of under-five mortality shows decline in years. But, some regions showed increase in years. The study highlights the need to implement better education for family planning and child care to improve the under-five mortality situation in some administrative areas. KEYWORDS: Child mortality, spatial model, hazard ratio, variogram