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Trends in reproductive health indicators in Nigeria using demographic and health surveys (1990–2013)
Authors: Chinelo C. Okigbo, Korede K. Adegoke, and Comfort Z. Olorunsaiye
Source: Global Public Health, 2016 Oct 16:1-18. [Epub ahead of print]; DOI:
Topic(s): Reproductive health
Country: Africa
Published: OCT 2016
Abstract: There is an urgent need to improve reproductive health (RH) in Nigeria – the most populous country in Africa. In 2015, Nigeria had the highest number of maternal deaths in the world. This study assessed the trends in select RH indicators in Nigeria over two decades. Data used were from Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) conducted between 1990 and 2013. The NDHS uses a two-stage cluster sampling design to select nationally representative samples of reproductive-age women. The study sample ranged from 7620 to 38,948 women aged 15–49 across the five surveys. Trends in modern contraceptive prevalence rate, skilled antenatal care, skilled birth attendance, and adolescent birth were assessed. The results show increasing trends in modern contraceptive prevalence rate from 4% in 1990 to 11% in 2013 (p?