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Indoor air pollution and women’s health in India: an exploratory analysis
Authors: Poddar M, and Chakrabarti S
Source: Environment, Development and Sustainability, 18(3): 669-677; doi:10.1007/s10668-015-9670-x
Topic(s): Household solid fuel use
Women's health
Country: Asia
Published: JUN 2016
Abstract: Cooking and heating with solid fuels (wood, charcoal, crop waste, dung, coal etc) generates high levels health damaging pollutants in the home. This study is designed to test whether easy availability of cheap harmful fuels, income stratificatiom within society and awareness regarding negative health impact, causes tuberculosis and asthma, among adult married female respondents, along with profiles of their fuel selection. An empirical exercise, by applying binary logistic model and multivariate regression model, has been carried out using Third National Family Health Survey data conducted in India during 2005–2006. The results of binary logistic model indicate that with easy availability of biomass fuels, respondents are more prone to their usage. Therefore, availability/supply of least polluting cooking fuel may be ensured in reducing the level of IAP to eradicate IAP-related disease affecting most adversely the women. So easy availability and low cost of cleaner cooking fuel should get the priority in the policy criteria of the government. Keywords: Biofuel; Incidence of disease; India; Indoor air pollution impact on health; Women’s health