|Effect of women's migration on urban children's health in India
|Anil KK, Reshmi RS, and Hemalatha N
|International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, 12(2):133-145; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJMHSC-04-2014-0015
|Purpose - In India, the number of migrants to urban areas is increasing over time. Unlike in earlier years where male migration was prominent, recent trend shows an increasing trend of female and family migration. As migration and health status are highly correlated, the nature of relationship deserves greater attention from researchers. Although literature on internal migration in India is abundant, little attention is given to the research on the effect of migration on the health status of children. The paper aims to discuss these issues.
Design/methodology/approach - The present paper, based on National Family Health Survey 3 data, examines the health status of migrant and non-migrant children in the urban areas of India.
Findings - Distribution according to social and demographic characteristics is disadvantageous for urban children who are born to migrant women. As seen from various child health indicators, urban children's health in general and the health situation of migrant women's children in particular leaves much to be desired. Pattern of migration tends to have an impact on child health in urban areas; children of women who migrate from rural areas are in an adverse position. Duration of migration has a negative influence on health status of urban children. Overall, it was found that migration status of mothers has an independent effect on child health outcomes; children of migrant mothers have a lower health status.
Originality/value - This paper fulfills the need to study the health status of migrant and non-migrant children in the urban areas of India.
Keywords: Child health; Duration of migration; Migrant women; Urban india