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Regional variation in neonatal and post-neonatal mortality in Kenya
Authors: Lawrence D.E. Ikamari
Source: African Population Studies, 27(1): 14-24; DOI:
Topic(s): Neonatal mortality
Postnatal care
Country: Africa
Published: APR 2013
Abstract: This paper seeks to establish the effect of region of residence on neonatal and post-neonatal mortality in Kenya, using the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey data. The results show significant regional variation in neonatal and post-neonatal mortality. Both neonatal and post-neonatal mortality were also found to vary significantly according to household wealth status, household water supply, and toilet facility, maternal age at birth, preceding birth interval; antenatal visits and type of place of delivery. It was only post-neonatal mortality that also varied significantly according to maternal education. The study recommends that concerted efforts be made to reduce high neonatal and post-neonatal mortality in the high mortality areas. These could entail strengthening existing family planning, child survival and HIV/AIDS programmes alongside improving households’ access to piped water supply and household hygiene practices.