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Factors Leading to School Dropouts in India: An Analysis of National Family Health Survey-3 Data
Authors: Sateesh Gouda M, and T.V.Sekher
Source: IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME) , e-ISSN: 2320–7388, p-ISSN: 2320-737X Volume 4, Issue 6 Ver. III (Nov - Dec. 2014), PP 75-83
Topic(s): Education
Country: Asia
Published: NOV 2014
Abstract: Education is the basic requirement for human development. With education, employment opportunities are broadened and income levels are increased. The development of an individual and the progress of a nation depend on education. The present article tried to understand the differentials and factors associated with school dropouts in India. Based on the data from National Family Health Survey-3, it was found that only 75 percent of the children in the age group 6 to 16 years were attending school. About 14 percent of the children never attended the school and 11 percent dropped out of school for various reasons. It was observed that the dropout was high among the children belonging to Muslim, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe families. Parental characteristics also play a significant role in determining school education. The dropouts among the children belonging to illiterate parents were four times higher than that of the literate parents. It was also observed that if parents were not working, the possibility of dropout among their children was relatively high. The study suggests that unless and until there is considerable improvement in the economic status of households and change in the social attitudes of parents, achieving the goal of universalisation of school education will remain a major challenge for India. Keywords Challenge for universalisation of education in India, Factors affecting school dropouts in India, Reasons for School dropouts in India, School dropouts in India.