Back to browse results
Ethnicity and Child Survival in Nigeria
Authors: Fayehun O.A and Omololu O.O.
Source: African Population Studies, Vol 25 (1) Supplement April 2011: 92-112
Topic(s): Childhood mortality
Country: Africa
Published: JAN 2011
Abstract: This study examined specific socio-cultural practices, which vary among different ethnic groups, as they affect childhood morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. Data from Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) 2003 were complemented with 40 focus group discussions and 40 in-depth interviews among selected ethnic groups in Nigeria. An examination of the Direct Estimates and Cox regression on childhood mortality indicate significant differences, with ethnic groups in the northern part of Nigeria having the highest risk. The values placed on children among all ethnic groups are reflected in different socio-cultural beliefs and prac- tices with significant influence of maternal education. Although the assumption that specific socio-cultural practices might be salient to exposure of children under five years to childhood mortality was supported in the study, the differences observed are more a reflection of the mother’s household environment and socio- economic variables. Keywords: Nigeria, childhood mortality, socio-economic, culture, ethnicity