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Why Do Some Women Know More? An Exploration of the Association of Community Socioeconomic Characteristics, Social Capital, and HIV/AIDS Knowledge
Authors: Jesmin, S. S., & Chaudhuri, S.
Source: Women & Health, Volume 53, Issue 7,pages 669-692, DOI: 10.1080/03630242.2013.822456
Topic(s): HIV/AIDS
Country: Asia
Published: FEB 2013
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the associations of community-level socio-economic status (SES) characteristics and social capital with women’s knowledge of HIV/AIDS. We used a representative national sample of 6,771 women ages 15-49 years from the Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey of 2007. We extended the findings of prior studies by providing new evidence that both community and social capital were related to having knowledge of AIDS. The significant community characteristics associated with women’s greater knowledge of AIDS were: women’s higher mean age at first marriage, higher mean years of education, the higher percentage of women in the community who work, and higher mean household living standard in the community. Regardless of individual-level SES, living in a community with higher community-level SES and having greater social capital were associated with having a greater likelihood of hearing about AIDS. However, we found that once women knew about AIDS, not all of the community-SES and social capital indicators explained their advanced knowledge of AIDS prevention and transmission. Our findings underscore the importance of HIV /AIDS education campaigns in the disadvantaged communities, specifically targeting women who are not members in any non-governmental organizations, as well as greater use of media in educating women about AIDS.