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Completing the fertility transition in the developing world: The role of educational differences and fertility preferences
Authors: Bongaarts J.
Source: Population Studies, Volume 57, Number 3, November 2003 , pp. 321-335(15); DOI:
Topic(s): Fertility
Country: More than one region
  Multiple Regions
Published: NOV 2003
Abstract: This study summarizes patterns of educational differentials in wanted and unwanted fertility at different stages of the fertility transition. The data are from Demographic and Health Surveys in 57 less developed countries. As the transition proceeds, educational differentials in wanted fertility tend to decline and differentials in unwanted fertility tend to rise. An assessment of fertility patterns in developed and less developed countries with low fertility concludes that these differentials are likely to remain substantial when less developed countries reach the end of their transitions. This conclusion implies that the educational composition of the population remains a key predictor of overall fertility in late transitional countries and that low levels of schooling can be a cause of stalling fertility.