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Migration and child health inequities in Nigeria: a multilevel analysis of contextual- and individual-level factors
Authors: Antai, Diddy; Wedrén, Sara; Bellocco, Rino; Moradi, Tahereh
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health, Volume 15, Number 12, December 2010 , pp. 1464-1474(11), DOI:
Topic(s): Childhood mortality
Children under five
Infant mortality
Country: Africa
Published: DEC 2010
Abstract: Abstract: Summary Objective To assess the role of rural-urban migration in the risks of under-five death; to identify possible mechanisms through which migration may influence mortality; and to determine individual- and community-level relationships between migration status and under-five death. Method Multilevel Cox regression analysis was used on a nationally representative sample of 6029 children from 2735 mothers aged 15-49?years and nested within 365 communities from the 2003 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals were used to express the measures of association between the characteristics, and intra-class coefficients were used to express the measures of variation. Results Children of rural non-migrant mothers had significantly lower risks of under-five death than children of rural-urban migrant mothers. The disruption of family and community ties, low socio-economic position and vulnerability, and the difficulties migrants face in adapting into the new urban environment, may predispose the children of rural-urban migrants to higher mortality. Conclusion Our results stress the need for community-level and socio-economic interventions targeted at migrant groups within urban areas to improve their access to health care services, maternal education, as well as the general socio-economic situation of women. migration, perturbation, sélectivité, adaptation, mortalité nourrissons, enfants et moins de cinq ans, modélisation multi-niveau, Nigeria. Keywords: migration; disruption; selectivity; adaptation; infant-, child- and under-five mortality; multilevel modelling; Nigeria