AIS and many DHS surveys provide nationally representative estimates of HIV prevalence rates for over 30 countries. HIV testing has been conducted since 2001 and is anonymous, informed, and voluntary.
HIV prevalence estimates based on population-based surveys such as AIS and DHS differ from estimates derived from sentinel surveillance systems that monitor HIV rates among pregnant women and high-risk populations.
HIV Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior (KAB)
Indicators, including knowledge of HIV prevention methods, attitudes towards those living with AIDS, beliefs about AIDS transmission, and sexual behaviors associated with HIV/AIDS, are used by USAID, UNAIDS, WHO, and other organizations to monitor progress on PEPFAR and UNGASS (HIV/AIDS) plans of action.
It provides data on all indicators in the President's Emergency Plan, including voluntary counseling and testing, prevention of maternal-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS (PMTCT), and antiretroviral therapy.