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Skilled Birth Attendance across Geographical Regions in India: Rural-Urban Differentials, 1992-2006
Authors: Bal Govind Chauhan, and Ambarish Kumar Rai
Source: Social Science Spectrum, 1(2): 114-126
Topic(s): Maternal mortality
Rural-urban differentials
Country: Asia
  India
Published: JUN 2015
Abstract: Large numbers of women die globally due to pregnancy and childbirth-related causes, especially in less developed countries. Most of them die because they have no access to skilled birth attendance (SBA) and emergency care during pregnancy complications. This study assesses the inequality in the coverage of SBA during 1992-2006 in six regions of India. Data from all three rounds of National Family Health Survey conducted in 1992-93, 1998-99 and 2005-06 were used. The bi-variate analysis predicted probability obtained from logistic regression and concentration index were performed (a) to examine the trends and patterns, and (b) to show the within-group inequality in SBA in the six regions of India. The analysis of change over fifteen year period (1992-2006) shows considerable inequality in the coverage of SBA across regions. East, West and South regions have experienced a higher rate of increase in SBA than North and Central regions. The study suggests that periodic monitoring of the progress of SBA is vital to assess the differential between and within the group beyond average improvement.